Most often when we look to determine the measure of intelligence and effectiveness of leadership, we depend upon common sense to guide our investigation. We seek common sources and common patterns that logically lead to...common sense answers. A circle of sorts that keep us seemingly smart and seemingly safe.
But common sense does not define intelligence or effectiveness of leaders. Rather, common sense is an implied agreement that many others see (sense) the same benefits associated with a seemingly smart and safe worldview.
Perhaps because my kids are homeschooled, I find it increasingly important for them to recognize that 'following the leader' does not define intelligence. Instead, 'following the leader' often translates into false feelings of safety. While those who question the standards that are set by clever leaders often become hen-pecked pariahs, the most effective leadership down any chosen path requires intuition, awareness of external stimuli, critical thinking, and a keen ability to deal with the consequences of unseen danger.